Video: Architecture And Color Design
Part 4: Design statute and prohibition of disfigurement Prof. Matthias Grönen, HS Esslingen It is important in the architectural planning phase of a new building to record the urban planning aspects. These include primarily the development plans, in which all legal provisions are entered by the licensing authorities. Special design regulations apply to the facade design for old and new buildings. Rules against defacing scenic areas and against defacing grown towns are already very old. They date from the early 20th century. With the industrialization, the development of new printing technologies and the resulting poster printing and a real rage of posters, the rules were directed against the installation of advertising systems,Advertising signs and showcases as well as inscriptions and illustrations on facades. Today, the Federal Administrative Court, based on this historical background, sees the environmental protection in the fact that "constructional facilities must not disturb the overall picture of the environment and the contrast between the facility and its surroundings should not be perceived by an" average viewer "as stressful or unpleasant. “The design building regulations are subject to the building regulations of the federal states and thus to state law. There is a so-called regional building code for each of the 16 federal states. This regulates a “disfigurement ban” related to the surroundings for all structures. Structural systems must be in accordance with the shape, the scale, the ratio of the building dimensions and components to each other,be designed in terms of material and color so that they do not appear unpleasant, ugly or repulsive. Furthermore, they must not deface the street, town and landscape. Design regulations are usually drawn up as separate design statutes by cities and municipalities. If there are no design guidelines as an extra brochure, they will be declared in the respective development plans. Color master plans Guidelines dealing with the color of plasters, materials and other surfaces of buildings are laid down in a color master plan. Such a plan is part of a local building code. The design statutes are drawn up by the respective municipality to preserve the town or cityscape and relate to formal and color statements about core areas or designated specific districts. In addition to advertising on facades in the form of signs or brackets, various surface materials and designs, the topic of color has a very special significance in a historic city center. In local centers, which have been given special protection with regard to monument protection, such regulations must be observed. The painter and varnisher should always find out about these regulations in the historical context of an object to be designed from the responsible building authority. Color master plans, drawn up by a color designer or a city planner,are usually created in the M1: 1000 or M1: 500 size scales. Each building object is represented by a small box to which a color can be assigned. As a rule, the color series consist of color shades that provide an orientation to the historical color scheme on site. Findings come to light through the analysis of several layers of color on top of each other. This allows you to infer the original color scheme of a facade at the time it was built. The art of the designer is to specify colors that fill the gaps. The majority of our cities are plastered facades, which have to be revised over and over again. Just a simple coat of paint can show the effect of a single building,but also significantly change an entire street. Due to new fashion trends, the durability and durability of new materials, but also the desire of many homeowners for individuality, our cities are becoming more and more artificial and colorful. Local colourfulness There is nothing to be said against color per se, however, the so-called local color should be observed and valued in every historically grown townscape. For this very reason, many cities and municipalities have begun to draw up the aforementioned design statutes. They show the architects and craftsmen guidelines in which formal and color context the design has to move. Paintings that are too dark, too bright or too bright deface a cityscape that is pleasing in itself. The design statute,let's call it a small law, it is legally binding and is checked and monitored by the local building authorities. Color guide concepts are not created on the basis of an individual taste or the color preferences of a color designer. They generally take stock of individual local building types and facade colors, which are evidenced by building research and examination of findings. However, you should leave enough room for the craftsman, the architect and the color designer to make their own considerations. For this reason, color directions are specified for the color tones rather than precise color specifications. Color master plans are defined by a specific scope in the city centers. The local building regulations of the respective cities and municipalities include a precise delimitation over the plots in the development plan with details of the respective house numbers of the objects. There are usually three color directions for the detailed facade design. The topic of the next article is how the individual concepts can be worked out with the systematic application of color order systems.